Effectiveness of non-original cabins for the protection of tractor operators in pesticide applications in apple orchard


  • Fernando Cesar Bauer Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Centro de Ciências Agrárias
  • Alberto Kazushi Nagaoka Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - Centro de Ciências Agrárias
  • Thiago Ezio Moreira Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - Centro de Ciências Agrárias
  • Lucas Solle Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - Centro de Ciências Agrárias
  • Renan Tramontin Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - Centro de Ciências Agrárias
  • John Solle Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - Centro de Ciências Agrárias
  • Luiz Claudio Garcia Universidade Estadual de ponta Grossa




Malus domestica, worker safety, air-assisted sprayer, pesticide.


The air-assisted sprayers produce air stream, which carries the droplets aiding their distribution. However, many droplets are not deposited on the target and are lost to the environment. The use of cabins can reduce operator exposure. Thus, this study aimed to assess the potential dermal and respiratory exposure and the cabin insulation efficiency in pesticide applications in apple orchards. The spray was composed of water plus mancozeb and captan (3.0 L ha-1) and fenitrothion (1.5 L ha-1). The dermal exposure was estimated using absorbent cotton pads fixed in the operator’s protective clothing and inside the cabin. The analytical determination was carried out by Liquid Chromatography with a UV-VIS detector and specific diodes array. The analytes were extracted by ultrasound, as established by the NBR 10004 and described by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The wavelengths related to the products tested were not detected up to the limit of 200 µg kg-1, indicating that there are good sealing and insulating of the operator inside tested cabins.

Author Biography

Fernando Cesar Bauer, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Centro de Ciências Agrárias

Departamento de Engenharia Rural - Mecanização Agrícola


BARCELLOS M et al. 2016. Analytical evaluation of the protection offered by sealed tractor cabin during crop pulverization with fenitrothion. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 188: 600.

CAPACCI E & RONDELLI V. 2014. Tractor cab to protect the operator from hazardous substances in spray application. In: International Conference of Agricultural Engineering. Proceedings… Zurich: Eurageng. 8p. Disponível em: www.eurageng.eu. Acesso em: 03 mar. 2015.

DALDIN CAM & SANTIAGO T. 2003. Equipamentos de proteção individual na segurança do trabalhador rural. In: ZAMBOLIM L. et al. O que os engenheiros agrônomos devem saber para orientar o uso de produtos fitossanitários. 4.ed. Viçosa: UFV. 564p.

DAMALAS CA & ELEFTHEROHORINOS IG. 2011. Pesticide Exposure, Safety Issues, and Risk Assessment Indicators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 8: 1402-1419.

DURHAM WF & WOLFE HR. 1962. Measurement of the exposure of workers to pesticide. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 26: 75-91.

FARIA NMX et al. 2009. Intoxicações por agrotóxicos entre trabalhadores rurais de fruticultura, Bento Gonçalves, RS. Revista Saúde Pública 43: 335-344.

HALL RM et al. 2002. Evaluation of a cab using real-time aerosol counting instrumentation. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 17: 46-54.

IBGE. 2017. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Levantamento Sistemático da Produção Agrícola. Disponível em: <ftp://ftp.ibge.gov.br/Producao_Agricola/Levantamento_Sistematico_da_Producao_Agricola_[mensal] /Fasciculo/

lspa_201708.pdf>. Acesso em: 10 out. 2017.

KIM E et al. 2013. Exposure and Risk Assessment of Operators to Insecticide Acetamiprid during Treatment on Apple Orchard. Korean Journal of Horticulture Science Technology 31: 239-245.

MATTHEWS GA. 2006. Pesticide: Healty, safety and the environmental. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 248p.

OLIVEIRA ML & MACHADO NETO JG. 2003. Use of manganese as tracer in the determination of respiratory exposure and relative importance of exposure routes in the safety of pesticide applicators in citrus orchards. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology 70: 415-421.

TÁCIO MB et al. 2008. Eficiência de vestimentas hidrorrepelentes novas na proteção do tratorista em pulverizações de agrotóxicos em goiaba com o turboatomizador. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 30: 106-111.

VAN HEMMEN JJ. 1992. Agricultural pesticide exposure data bases for risk assessment. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 126: 1-85.





Research Note - Multisections and Related Areas