Prevalence of ovarian cysts in production high cows under containment system and diet total

Authors

  • RODRIGO GARCIA MOTTA Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária - FMVZ.
  • Lorrayne de Souza Araújo Martins Instituto Federal Goiano - Campus Rio Verde
  • Gustavo Silva Medeiros
  • Valdir Chiogna Junior

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/223811711832019519

Keywords:

reproduction, cystics ovarians, body score, bovine.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the follicular cysts prevalence in high production dairy cows, post-partum, under total diet regime in three different systems: Compost Barn, Free Stall and opened feedlot. There were evaluated 1600 cows, HPB, seven flocks, of which 792 (49.5%) were empty and late in the reproductive protocols. The examination sonographic ovarian score was distributed as: Score 1 (61.4%), Score 2 (18,1) Score 3 (4.0%) and Cystic Ovary (16.5%). As for the production system the cysts prevalence were 16% in Free Stall, 17.2% in Compost Barn and 16.2% in opened feedlot, without significant difference. 84.7% (n = 131) of animals were in anestrus in the presence of diagnosis follicular cyst. 60.7% of animal with follicular cysts were 60 to 180 days postpartum. Divided in 27.5% between 60 and 90 days, 24.5% between 91 and 120 days, 15.5% between 121 and 150 days and 32.5% between 151 and 500 postpartum. The cysts prevalence according to lactation number were: 29.8% in first, 26.7% in second, 24.4% in third, 5.3% in fourth, 4.6% in fifth and 9.2% in sixth, statistically significant results to higher cysts occurrence in the first three lactations. For body condition score 62.6% of animals with ovarian cyst were with scores from 2.0 to 2.5, 25.2% with a score of 2.6 to 3.0 and 12.2% with score of 3.1 to 4.0 also significant results. Where the chance of cows with low body score develop cysts was 5.1 times higher compared to animals with good score. Follicular cysts present high prevalence in high producing dairy cows, impacting sub-fertility and causing important damage in global dairy farming, thus, it is necessary further studies for the development of more effective preventive measures to control this situation.

Author Biographies

RODRIGO GARCIA MOTTA, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária - FMVZ.

Pós-doutorando do Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Universidade Estadual Paulista, FMVZ, UNESP.

Lorrayne de Souza Araújo Martins, Instituto Federal Goiano - Campus Rio Verde

Mestre em Tecnologia de Alimentos - IF Goiano

Gustavo Silva Medeiros

Médico Veterinário Autonomo

Valdir Chiogna Junior

Médico Veterinário Autonomo

References

AMER H & MAHDI AB 2008. Hormonal profiles associated with treatment of cystic ovarian disease with GnRH and PGF2α with and without CIDR in dairy cows. Livestock Research for Rural Development 20: 51-56.

BARTOLOME JA et al. 2005. Strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts in dairy cattle. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 277: 1409-1414.

CRANE MB et al. 2006. Association between milk production and treatment response of ovarian cysts in lactating dairy cows using the Ovsynch protocol. Theriogenology 66: 1243-1248.

DOBSON H et al. 2000. Ultrasonography and hormone profiles of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) induced persistent ovarian follicles (cysts) in cattle. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 120: 405-410.

FERNANDES CAC et al. 2005. Fatores predisponentes para cistos ovarianos em vacas da raça holandesa. Ars Veterinaria 21: 287-295.

FERREIRA AM. 2010. Reprodução da fêmea bovina: fisiologia aplicada e problemas mais comuns (causas e tratamentos). 1.ed. Juiz de Fora: Editar. 420p.

GAEBLER E et al. 2015. Fate of follicular ovarian cysts in early postpartum dairy cows treated with PRID/PGF or PRID/PGF plus eCG. Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 43: 331-339.

GÜMEN A et al. 2003. Follicular size and response to Ovsynch versus detection of estrus in anovular and ovular lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86: 3184-3194.

GÜMEN A & WILTBANK MC. 2005. Follicular cysts occur after a normal estradiol-induced GnRH/LH surge if the corpus hemorrhagicum is removed. Reproduction 129: 737-745.

HATLER TB et al. 2003. Relationship between endogenous progesterone and follicular dynamics in lactating dairy cows with ovarian follicular cysts. Biology of Reproduction 69: 218 223.

IBGE. 2018. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Disponível em: http://www.ibge.gov.br. Acesso em: 15 fev. 2019.

JEENGAR K et al. 2014. Ovarian cysts in dairy cows: old and new concepts for definition, diagnosis and therapy. Animal Reproduction 11: 63-73.

LÓPEZ-GATIUS F et al. 2002. Risk factors for postpartum ovarian cysts and their spontaneous recovery or persistence in lactating dairy cows. Theriogenology 58: 1623-1632.

MADUREIRA EH et al. 2002. Sincronização com progestágenos - Biotecnologia da reprodução em bovinos. In: 1 Simpósio Internacional de Reprodução Animal aplicada. Resumos... Londrina. p.117-128.

NASCIMENTO FE & SANTOS LR. 2010. Patologia dareprodução dos animais domésticos. 3.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan.

NELSON ST et al. 2010. Risk factors associated with cystic ovarian disease in Norwegian dairy cattle. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 43: 52-60.

PATTON J et al. 2007. Relationships among milk production, energy balance, plasma analytes, and reproduction in Holstein-Friesian cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90: 649–658.

RIBADU AY et al. 2000. The role of LH pulse frequency in ACTH-induced ovarian follicular cysts in heifers. Animal Reproduction Science 64: 21-31.

ROCHE, JF et al. 2000. Resumption of reproductive activity in the early postpartum period of cows. In: Congresso Della Societa Italiana di Buiatria, Aiago. Proceedings… 32: 45-49.

SANTOS RM & VASCONCELOS JLM. 2006. Ingestão de concentrado e concentração plasmática de progesterona em vacas da raça Holandesa. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 58: 1162-1167.

SANTOS RM et al. 2009. Cisto ovariano em vacas de leite: incidência, resposta à aplicação de GnRH e desempenho reprodutivo. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 61: 527-532.

SILVIA WJ et al. 2002. Ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cows: an abnormality in folliculogenesis. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 23: 167-177.

TANEMURA K et al. 2016. Development of ovarian diseases in dairy cows with a history of fatty liver, and their prognosis. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 78: 755-760.

TRIOLA MF. 2005. Introdução à estatística. 9.ed. Rio de Janeiro: LTC. 656p.

TODOROKI J & KANEKO H. 2006. Formation of follicular cysts in cattle and therapeutic effects of controlled internal drug release. Journal of Reproduction and Development 52: 1-11.

VASCONCELOS JL. et al. 2003. Acute reduction in serum progesterone concentrations after feed intake in dairy cows. Theriogenology 60: 795-807.

VANHOLDER T et al. 2006. Aetiology and pathogenesis of cystic ovarian follicles in dairy cattle: a review. Reproduction Nutrition Development 46: 105-119.

VILLADIEGO FAC et al. 2016. Parâmetros reprodutivos e produtivos em vacas leiteiras de manejo free stall. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36: 55-61.

ZOCCAL R & PEREIRA VF. 2016. Panorama do Leite. Juiz de Fora: Embrapa Gado de Leite. 12p. (Boletim eletrônico mensal 8).

ZULU VC & PENNY C. 1998. Risk factor of cystic ovarian disease in dairy cattle. Journal of Reproduction and Development 44: 191-195.

Published

2019-12-12

Issue

Section

Research Article - Science of Animals and Derived Products