Relationship among soil properties, root-lesion nematode population, and soybean growth

Julio Cezar Franchini, Henrique Debiasi, Waldir Pereira Dias, Luiz Nery Ribas, João Flavio Veloso Silva, Alvadi Antonio Balbinot Junior

Abstract


Root-lesion nematode (RLN) (Pratylenchus brachyurus) is an important challenge to soybean production in Central Brazil due to its widespread occurrence, along with the absence of resistant cultivars and strategies for its management. The aim of this research was to evaluate the relationship among soil properties, RLN populations, and soybean crop growth using geostatistical analysis. The experiment was conducted in a soybean field located in the northern half of Mato Grosso state, in Brazil, with a history of damages by RLN. The results suggest a positive correlation between plant height and values of pH, Ca, Mg, and base saturation. On the other hand, RLN population was positively correlated with organic carbon, cation exchange capacity, and soil potential acidity. Moreover, our findings also indicate that soybean plant growth is reduced under acidic soil conditions, as susceptibility to RLN increases. Thus, the correction of soil acidity to suitable levels for soybean crop becomes an important strategy to minimize damages by RLN.


Keywords


geostatistics, Pratylenchus brachyrus, soil chemistry, soil management.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5965/223811711712018030

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Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias (Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet.), Lages, SC, Brasil        ISSN 2238-1171