Use of smartphones by older adults: characteristics and reports of students enrolled at a University of the Third Age (U3A)

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/19847246242023e0115

Palavras-chave:

digital literacy, mobile devices, older adults

Resumo

Introduction: The increase in mobile device users aged > 60 years reflects a transformation in the information and communication technology (ICT) area. Supporting older adults in their digital literacy is a complex task. New skills for the digital age should be developed. Objective: To describe the sociodemographic characteristics of older adults on a digital literacy program, including patterns of use, reasons for learning, in addition to the difficulties and benefits reported regarding the use of technology. Methodology: A quantitative and qualitative study based on a digital literacy program within a U3A context involving professionals in the fields of gerontology and computing was conducted. Result: The program involved 317 older adults, most of whom were women (64.5%). Mean age of participants was 60-74 years (82%). Regarding characteristics, 44.2% were married, 40.7% had finished high school, 77.3% were retired, 65.1% earned ≤ 4 minimum wages, and 74.1% were not engaged in paid employment. Prior to participation, despite the high frequency of smartphone use (87.6%), 77.9% reported having a poor user experience. The most prevalent purposes for using smartphones were “Communication” (93.3%), “Strengthening affectional bonds with family and friends” (66.2%) and “Search for general information” (48.7%). The assessment of self-efficacy revealed that participants lacked competence for complex activities. Conclusion: The interest of older Brazilians in using smartphones is clear. Therefore, understanding previous competencies, as well as the obstacles faced by this group, is pivotal in aiding the process of digital inclusion.

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Biografia do Autor

Lilian Ourém Batista Vieira Cliquet, Univerdidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP

Doctoral student of Gerontology at Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP.

Maria da Graça Campos Pimentel, Universidade de São Paulo – USP

Professor at Universidade de São Paulo – USP.

Samila Sathler Tavares Batistoni, Universidade de São Paulo - USP

Professor at Universidade de São Paulo – USP.

Kamila Rios da Hora Rodrigues, Universidade de São Paulo - USP

Professor at Universidade de São Paulo – USP.

Isabela Zaine, Universidade de São Paulo - USP

Professor at Universidade de São Paulo – USP.

Meire Cachioni, Universidade de São Paulo - USP

Professor at Universidade de São Paulo – USP.

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Publicado

2023-06-15

Como Citar

CLIQUET, Lilian Ourém Batista Vieira; PIMENTEL, Maria da Graça Campos; BATISTONI, Samila Sathler Tavares; RODRIGUES, Kamila Rios da Hora; ZAINE, Isabela; CACHIONI, Meire. Use of smartphones by older adults: characteristics and reports of students enrolled at a University of the Third Age (U3A). PerCursos, Florianópolis, v. 24, p. e0115, 2023. DOI: 10.5965/19847246242023e0115. Disponível em: https://periodicos.udesc.br/index.php/percursos/article/view/22545. Acesso em: 30 maio. 2024.

Edição

Seção

Dossiê “A multidimensionalidade das velhices: perspectivas do envelhecimento nas agendas do século XXI”