Use of clomazone associated with dietholate safener for the management of weeds in wheat crop

Maicon Fernando Schmitz, Leandro Galon, Bruna Piovesan, Matheus Freitas de Souza, Luciane Renata Agazzi, Cesar Tiago Forte, Gismael Francisco Perin

Abstract


The intensive and repeated use of the chemical control method in the wheat crop selected populations of turnip (Raphanus raphanistrum and R. sativus) and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) resistant to herbicides, especially from the groups of ALS‑, ACCase‑ and EPSPS‑inhibitors. It is important to rotate the herbicide mechanisms of action to manage populations of resistant weeds, both in burndown and after planting. Thus, this work aimed to assess the effectiveness of the herbicide clomazone in the control of ryegrass and turnip associated or not to dietholate safener protection in wheat crop. The first experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design (CRD), with four replications. Dietholate doses (0, 120, 240, 360 and 480 g per 100 kg of seeds of wheat cultivar TBIO Itaipu) were associated to clomazone doses (0, 198, 396 and 594 g ha‑1) sprayed pre-emergence. The second experiment comprised infested and weeded control treatments, the pre-emergence application of clomazone + dietholate (396 g ha-1 + 240 g per 100 kg seed) and post-emergence application of iodosulfuron-methyl (5 g ha-1) or pyroxsulam (18 g ha-1). The treatment of wheat seeds with dietholate did not affect the control of ryegrass and turnip by clomazone when applied pre-emergence. Clomazone, even when sprayed at low doses, presented ryegrass control above 80% and can be used to control resistant biotypes of this weed to EPSPs‑, ALS‑ and ACCase‑inhibitors. Iodosulfuron-methyl and pyroxsulam showed excellent control of turnip and satisfactory control of ryegrass.

Keywords


Triticum aestivum, Lolium multiflorum, Raphanus sp.

References


AGOSTINETTO D et al. 2008. Período crítico de competição de plantas daninhas com a cultura do trigo. Planta Daninha 26: 271-278.

ANDRES A et al. 2013. Selectivity and weed control efficacy of pre- and post-emergence applications of clomazone in Southern Brazil. Crop Protection 53: 103-108.

ARDUIM GS et al. 2012. Eficiência do herbicida pyroxsulam no controle de diferentes plantas daninha na cultura do trigo (Triticum aestivum L.). In: 28 CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DA CIÊNCIA DAS PLANTAS DANINHAS. Resumos... Campo Grande: SBCPD. p. 189-193. (CD-Rom).

BOND JA et al. 2014. Glyphosate-resistant italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorum) control with fall-applied residual herbicides. Weed Technology 28: 361–370.

CONAB. 2016. Séries Históricas: Trigo. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 10 jun. 2016.

COSTA LO & RIZZARDI MA. 2014. Resistance of Raphanus raphanistrum to the herbicide metsulfuron-methyl. Planta Daninha 32: 181-187.

EMBRAPA. 2013. Centro Nacional de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Solos (Brasília, DF). Sistema brasileiro de classificação de solos. Brasília: Embrapa Produção de Informação; Brasília, DF: Embrapa Solos. 154p.

EMBRAPA. 2011. Sistemas de produção/Embrapa Agropecuária Oeste. Informações técnicas para trigo e triticale – safra 2012. Dourados: Embrapa Agropecuária Oeste. 204p.

FERHATOGLU Y et al. 2005. The basic for safening of clomazone by phorate insecticide in cotton and inhibitors of cytochrome P450s. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 81: 59-70.

GALON L et al. 2009. Seletividade de herbicidas a genótipos de cana-de-açúcar. Planta Daninha 27: 1083-1093.

GALON L et al. 2015. Efficacy and phytotoxicity of herbicides applied for the handling of weeds that infest wheat. Revista Brasileira de Herbicidas 14: 128-140.

GALON L et al. 2016. Selectivity and efficiency of herbicides in weed control on sweet sorghum. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical 46: 123-131.

LAMEGO FP et al. 2013. Habilidade competitiva de cultivares de trigo com plantas daninhas. Planta Daninha 31: 521-531.

KARAM D et al. 2003. Seletividade da cultura do milho ao herbicida clomazone por meio do uso de dietholate. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo 2: 72-79.

KRUSE ND et al. 2001. Sinergismo potencial entre herbicidas inibidores do fotossistema II e da síntese de carotenóides. Ciência Rural 31: 569-575.

MARIANI F et al. 2015. Herança da resistência de Lolium multiflorum ao iodosulfuron- Methyl sodium. Planta Daninha 33: 351-356.

MACIEL CDG et al. 2013. Potencialization of mesotrione efficiency in tank mixture with inhibiting of Photosystem II by distinct absorption pathways of crabgrass. Revista Brasileira de Herbicidas 12: 210-219.

OLIVEIRA AR et al. 2009. Controle de Commelina benghalensis, C. erecta, Tripogandra diurética na cultura do café. Planta Daninha 27: 823-830.

PANDOLFO CE et al. 2013. Limited occurrence of resistant radish (Raphanus sativus) to ahas-inhibiting herbicides in Argentina. Planta Daninha 31: 657-666.

RIGOLI RP et al. 2008. Habilidade competitiva relativa do trigo (Triticum aestivum) em convivência com azevém (Lolium multiflorum) ou nabo (Raphanus raphanistrum). Planta Daninha 26: 93-100.

RIZZARDI MA & SERAFINI MC. 2001. Ação do anidrido naftálico na seletividade de herbicidas aplicados para controle de azevém em aveia-branca. Planta Daninha. 19: 367-374.

RODRIGUES BN & ALMEIDA FR. 2011. Guia de herbicidas. 6.ed. Londrina: Edição dos Autores, 697p.

ROMAN ES et al. 2006. Manejo e controle de plantas daninhas em trigo. Passo Fundo: Embrapa Trigo, 12p. (Documentos Online, 63).

ROMAN ES et al. 2004. Resistência de azevém (Lolium multiflorum) ao herbicida glyphosate. Planta Daninha 22: 301-306.

SANCHOTENE DM et al. 2010. Efeito do protetor dietholate na seletividade de clomazone em cultivares de arroz irrigado. Planta Daninha 28: 339-346.

SILVA FMO et al. 2010. Controle químico de plantas daninhas na cultura da mamoeira. In: 4 CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DA MAMONA e 1 SIMPÓSIO INTERNACIONAL DE OLEAGINOSAS ENERGÉTICAS. Anais... João pessoa: Embrapa Algodão. p. 1255-1263.

SBCPD - Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas. 1995. Procedimentos para instalação, avaliação e análise de experimentos com herbicidas. Londrina: SBCPD. 42p.

TENBROOK PL & TJEERDEMA RS. 2006. Biotransformation of clomazone in rice (Oryza sativa) and early watergrass (Echinochloa oryzoides). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 85: 38-45.

VARGAS L et al. 2013. Dose-response curves of Lolium multiflorum biotypes resistant and susceptible to clethodim. Planta Daninha 31: 887-892.

ZHANG W et al. 2005. Response of rice and barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) to rates and timings of clomazone. Weed Technology 19: 528–531.

WESTBERG DE et al. 1989. Weed control with clomazone alone and with other herbicides. Weed Technology 3: 678-685.

YU Q et al. 2008. Mutations of the ALS gene endowing resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in Lolium rigidum populations. Pest Management Science 64: 1229-1236.

YUN MS et al. 2005. Cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase activity in herbicide-resistant and susceptible late watergrass (Echinochloa phyllopogon). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 83: 107-114.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5965/223811711712018002

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias (Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet.), Lages, SC, Brasil        ISSN 2238-1171