Can seed quality of hairy fleabane be reduced due to glyphosate resistance?

Flávia Regina da Costa, Jussara Cristina Stinghen, Janice Regina Gmach Bortoli, Cileide Maria Medeiros Coelho, Leonardo Bianco de Carvalho

Abstract


The resistance to glyphosate may provide a penalty on plant growth and physiology. We investigate if the resistance to glyphosate reduces the seed quality of Conyza bonariensis by performing seed viability and vigor tests under a completely randomized design with four replicates of 50 seeds for both glyphosate-susceptible (S) and -resistant (R) biotypes. Low seed viability (<50%) was found in both S and R biotypes. No difference occurred between either S and R biotypes on seed germination and embryo viability. The percentage of seed germination of the S biotype was higher than the R biotype in the cold test (~58%), accelerated aging test (~84%), and high-temperature stress test (~45%). This is the first time one found evidences that resistance to glyphosate may be responsible for a penalty on seed quality of C. bonariensis.

Keywords


Conyza bonariensis, herbicide resistance, seed vigor.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5965/223811711712018136

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Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias (Rev. Ciênc. Agrovet.), Lages, SC, Brasil        ISSN 2238-1171